Posts Tagged ‘Genre’


May 10, 2015 4 comments

It’s getting harder for me to steal a few hours in the middle of my recent activities, even only to write a short post for this blog. But I had promised myself that posting an article here is as important as my endless daily routines.

In this occasion, I just want to share you about a very nice site where you can take some benefits from.

Do you often need narrative texts to help you teach your students or just as an exercise for yourselves?

Do you often need an audio podcast to train your students or even just to train your listening capability?

If the answers are “YES”, then maybe you want to visit There, you are not only able to read various English short stories, fables, and fairy tales by famous writers, but you can also listen to the audio format of the stories and download the audio for later use—free of charge!

Are you interested? Go to now and have a nice day!


December 30, 2012 Leave a comment

After seeing the site stats in my wordpress’ dashboard, I saw that a half of my visitors were looking for references about language focus, genres, and English materials for high school. I knew that I didn’t post sufficient number of articles under those categories. So, to fulfill the needs of visitors for those categories, today I post this article. It would be mainly talk about Recount Text.

Recount is a text type with the purpose to tell the readers about what happened in the past through a sequence of events. There are 2 kinds of recount: factual recount (such as famous people’s biographies) and personal recount (such as a diary). Generally, factual recount are consisting of 2 parts, they are orientation and events. And the personal recount, are consisting 4 parts, they are orientation, events, evaluation, and re-orientation (optional).

Orientation in a recount text is an explanation about “who, where, and when” that involved in the story while events are the sequence of “what happened” (in a chronological order). Then, evaluation is the comments of the writer/speaker about the experience he/she told in the story. And, re-orientation is the conclusion of the experience. These recount components can be found in the samples below:

Read more…


April 30, 2012 1 comment
Blogging in WordPress

Blogging in WordPress

Photo-blogging, have you ever heard about that? Talking about blogging, you may remember a personal web site service by Blogger, WordPress, Multiply, etc.

Since the beginning of 2000’s, and for years, people use free blogging services such a WordPress or blogger to post and share various information such as news, tutorial, personal experience about something, and even to display photos.

Just like a written post, photo-blogging is something fun, entertaining, and also inspiring. Photo-blogging refers to an activity to post photos and explain the background of displaying them. The reasons could be vary: for fun, or to show to the world about their daily activity and or hobby.

Usually, people who do photo-blogging is someone who likes traveling or has a hobby about photography. They love to share their experience after visiting a particular place or doing a tremendous activity, the change of seasons photographs, or events such as a parade or festival. Really, it’s something fun as you can see such as in,,, or And of course, you will find more photo-blog addresses on the internet.

Photographs, although they talk about daily activity or surrounding scenery, are sometimes seems great, depends on how we see it. What we can see as an ordinary thing sometimes become more beautiful and awesome in a photograph. You may experience it too, when you try to take a photograph of your surroundings with a certain angle. You may see that the photograph seems like not really your surroundings. Or when you try to take a photograph of food. With a certain angle or lighting, the food will be looked “different”. Through photographs, what we see as an ordinary thing, could be an extraordinary thing for other people. That’s why I said that photographs are sometime speak more than words. And I do believe too, that photo-blogging is also useful to improve English ability. Especially to improve writing skill such as writing descriptive text, report, and even narrative text. So, if you are a teacher and you love to take photographs, I recommend you to have a photo-blog to collect your photographs about anything to use them as writing material (topic) in your class. It must be very fun, then.


December 9, 2010 1 comment

Explanation text in some way is similar to procedure text. Explanation passage often makes description about how something happens or why the thing occurs. While procedure text bring the instruction on how to make something happen completely. The following example of explanation text about how rain happen is best showing on what is explanation text, what is the purpose or social function of explanation text and how it differ from other text types. Explanation text often use technical terms related to the thing which is being explained. Explanation text is commonly compose in the mode of simple present tense. Here are the examples:

#1 How does Rain Happen?

Rain is the primary source of fresh water for most areas of the world, providing suitable conditions for diverse ecosystems, as well as water for hydroelectric power plants and crop irrigation.
The phenomenon of rain is actually a water circle. The concept of the water cycle involves the sun heating the Earth’s surface water and causing the surface water to evaporate. The water vapor rises into the Earth’s atmosphere. The water in the atmosphere cools and condenses into liquid droplets. The droplets grow until they are heavy and fall to the earth as precipitation which can be in the form of rain or snow.

#2 Tsunami

The term of “tsunami” comes from the Japanese which means harbor (“tsu”) and wave (“nami”). A tsunami is a series of waves generated when water in a lake or a sea is rapidly displaced on a massive scale.

A tsunami can be generated when the sea floor abruptly deforms and vertically displaces the overlying water. Such large vertical movements of the earth’s crust can occur at plate boundaries. Seductions of earthquakes are particularly effective in generating tsunami, and occur where denser oceanic plates slip under continental plates.

As the displaced water mass moves under the influence of gravity to regain its equilibrium, it radiates across the ocean like ripples on a pond.

Tsunami always brings great damage. Most of the damage is caused by the huge mass of water behind the initial wave front, as the height of the sea keeps rising fast and floods powerfully into the coastal area.



November 29, 2010 8 comments

Several days ago my friends got a problem about “Relative Pronoun”. They were unable to combine 2 sentences and choose “who”, “that”, or “whom”. So, today I am going to explain you about how to combine 2 sentences using “Relative Pronoun”.

Basically, the formula of “Relative Pronoun” is so simple:

  1. Who + verb …………………………………………………………… (it’s for people)
  2. Whom + I / you / we /they ………………………………………. (it’s also for people)
  3. That or Which + verb or pronoun ……………………………… (it’s for both people and things). “Which” is also often followed by: “is / was” or “are / were” or “has / had”
  4. Where + I / you / we / they ………………………………………. (to refer a place)
  5. Whose + possession


  1. The woman who works in that drugstore is my girlfriend.
  2. I know a bookstore where you can buy your favorite book.
  3. The woman whose daughter is a doctor died yesterday.
  4. My uncle, whom you met the other day, has recently written a book on Indian Art.
  5. The book that I borrow from you was lost!

The examples above show us the implementation of the formula: when we have “who”, it will be followed by “verb” like what I have typed in bold words (example #1). When we have “whom”, it will be followed by pronoun (I, you, we, they, he, she). And so on …….

Now, how if you find a question on your test about combining two sentences using “Relative Pronoun”? You must choose and decide what word (whether: who, whom, whose, where) that should be used. As an example, I will use these sentences: You see the doctor in the room. The doctor is my father.

To combine those sentences, we need to extract them first. The way to extract the sentences is by deleting one of the same pronouns (in this case is “the doctor”). So, when we extract the sentences above, it will become:

Another example is: She is a bank teller. She helped us to open an account. To combine these sentences, we need to extract the same pronouns and use only one of them. The same pronoun is “She”. So, it will look like this:

One more example: This is a bank. The bank accepted my identification. The same pronoun here is “Bank”. So, the rest are: “This is a bank” and “Accepted my identification”. To combine these two sentences, we can use “That”. So, the final sentence will be: “This is the bank that accepted my identification”. (We may change “This is a bank” into “This is the bank” for conformity of context).