Home > Language Focus, Recommended For Students > TIPS AND TRICKS TO SOLVE CLOZE PROCEDURE QUESTION


final exam

Updated on Thursday, July 3rd, 2014

April 16, 2014 was the last day of final exam for 3rd grade (class XII) of Indonesian’s senior high schools, and one of the last examined subjects was English.

Unfortunately, I had no time to write new post timely. But I pushed myself harder so that I can post this “totally late” article. Whatever. Although this article would be no longer useful for the 3rd grade, it could be still meaningful for the second or the first grade, especially to face the semester test. Or for the 3rd grade students of junior high school (class IX) who will face their final exam in May 5, 2014 (English final exam for this grade will be in May 7, 2014).

Well, the article today will be talking about “tips and tricks to solve fill the blank or cloze procedure questions”.

Words or phrases at the same degree

Usually, cloze procedure or cloze text or fill the blank-type question asks for us to fill with word or phrase at the same degree. you can find the pattern of your text, whether it (mostly) uses present tense, present continuous tense, or past tense. The blank spot usually ask for us to fill verb(s) with the same type, especially in a sequential order.

  • Verbs are usually the same. Read the paragraphs carefully and mark the tense it uses. You will find the similarity among the verbs (whether mostly using present tense, present continuous tense, or past tense). Usually, if the text uses present tense, the V1 or V1+s/es will fit the blank spot. If the text uses past tense, the V2 will fit the blank spot and so on. Beware of the use of was, were, been that may appear such as in past continuous tense. Also beware of time signals that may appear. See the example below:

Before applying for a job, please note the following requirements: write your application letter neatly, attach your latest CV, … a copy of your ID card and a recent close-up photo, and send them to us in a well-sealed envelope.

a. to enclose

b. enclose

c. encloses

d. enclosed

e. enclosing

  • Watch out the singular and plural form. Sometimes, you need to be careful in seeing the possibilities of your answer. Read the whole sentence where the blank spot should be filled. Both singular and plural subjects have their own “couple” verbs or auxiliaries.

Word before and after the blank spot

Word before and or after the blank spot also determines the right answer.

  • Adjective and noun. Sometimes, the blank part of your paragraph can be filled with adjective or noun.
  • Prepositions. There are many prepositions you can use (depend on the context). For example: on, in, at, around, etc.
  • Pronoun. Don’t forget, pronouns are relative pronoun, possessive pronoun, relative adverb, etc.
  • Conjunction. Every option that has the same meaning with the other options should be considered as “false”. Find out an option which is different in meaning (has no same meaning with the others).

  1. Greg
    June 6, 2014 at 10:58 am

    It is a shame that the English National Exams are not checked by native speakers. I have seen examples of national exams where the English was so wrong that there were no correct options. Even the example included here is a bit strange.

    We would never use ‘notice’ we would say ‘pay attention to’. And write down is not appropriate in this context, it should be write

  2. November 20, 2014 at 4:42 am

    thanks very useful tips you covered everything in few words ..without complicating it

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