After I posted some continuous posts about translation, I think that it is a good time to come back down to earth by posting a lighter article here.

As I could see in my blog stats, people landed here to look for “easy English” or “basic English” such as English for Junior High School or English for Senior High School, some expressions, and fun English activities. So now, I am going to post an article that must be suitable for both junior and senior high school students’ English learners: POSSESSIVE EXPRESSIONS. If you are waiting for or looking for such this article, then congratulation, you do find it right here.

Possessive is divided into 3 types: possessive using (‘s), possessive adjective, possessive pronouns, and “belong to” model. Here are the samples:

Possessive using (‘s)
There are 3 (three) rules to use (‘s) model:
1. Use (‘s) after people’s name and singular nouns. Examples:
– This is Peter’s guitar.
Susan’s house is just 2 blocks away from here.
2. Use (‘s) after irregular plural nouns. Examples:
– Some of children’s toys are dolls, robots, car-like toys, etc.
– The men’s most-wanted cars are Porsche and Ferrari.
3. Use only (‘) after regular plural nouns. Examples:
– These are the boys’ favorite books, and those are the girls’ favorite magazines.
– The teachers’ hope is so simple: you get good mark.

Possessive adjective
Use possessive adjective (my, his, her, its, our, their) to replace the noun in a sentence. Examples:
1. Peter’s house is 2 miles away from here. -> His house is 2 miles away from here.
2. Rani’s sisters are studying in UGM. -> Her sisters are studying in UGM.
3. Cat’s claws are sharp. -> Its claws are sharp.
4. My books are borrowed by Rani yesterday.
5. Their pet is so cute.
6. Our plan to go abroad was cancelled.
Please note: “it’s” is a short form of “it is”, while “its” is a possessive adjective for things. So, they are different.

Possessive pronouns
Use possessive pronouns (mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs) to replace possessive adjectives and nouns. Examples:
1. The scattered books are mine (my books).
2. Now, the house is ours (our house).
3. Is the red car yours (your car)?
4. The cute cats are hers (her cats).
5. The blank registration form on the table is his (his blank form).
6. The collected stickers are theirs (their stickers).

Belong to
Use the verb “belong to” to describe your possessions and cannot be used in the continuous form. Examples:
1. The book belongs to me. NOT: The book is belonging to me.
2. The guitar belongs to Rani. NOT: The guitar is belonging to Rani.

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